Volume 4, December 2011

*Hanya dalam versi English sahaja

1. Evaluation Of Market Competitiveness Of SMEs In The Malaysian Food Processing Industry

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Author(s): Mad Nasir Shamsudin, Yodfiatfinda, Zainal Abidin Mohamed, Zulkornain Yusop and Alias Radam
Keywords: Competitiveness, food processing industry, technical efficiency, total factor productivity

Abstract: This study aims to evaluate the market competitiveness of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the Malaysian Food Processing Industry (FPI) in terms of technical efficiency and productivity growth. A non-parametric approach using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) was employed for the five-digit data of 35 sub-industries in the Malaysian FPI. The findings suggest that Technical Efficiency (TE) was 0.756 during the period of 2000-2006, indicating that SMEs in the Malaysian food industry were able to expand their output by 24.4 percent while using the same level of inputs. Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth was negative 1.3 percent. Processing and preserving poultry and poultry products was the sub-industry with the highest productivity growth, while manufacturing of tea had the lowest. Research and development (R&D), training and public infrastructure were determinants that positively affected the TFP growth. For technical efficiency, public infrastructure, foreign direct investment and foreign ownership were the determinants.

2. The Impacts Of Supermarkets And Hypermarkets From The Perspectives Of Fresh Fruit And Vegetable (FFV) Wholesalers And Retailers

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Author(s): Amin Mahir Abdullah, Fatimah Mohamad Arshad and Ismail Abd Latif
Keywords: Fresh fruit, vegetable, supermarkets, hypermarkets, wholesalers, retailers.

Abstract:  The importance of the retail sector to economic growth has been very significant. The rapid growth of the sector is partly contributed by the emergence of supermarkets and hypermarkets that are mostly foreign- owned. This has raised some concerns by the local conventional retailers including fresh fruit and vegetable (FFV) retailers. The government has reacted to the concerns by introducing new guidelines to developing new hypermarkets in this country. This study investigates the impacts of these two types of retailers on local FFV wholesalers and retailers. Data from personal interviews with FFV retailers and wholesalers were analysed. Results of the analyses showed that supermarkets and hypermarkets did impose competition on conventional wholesalers and retailers. However, they have also brought some changes to FFV retail business, such as promoting quality products, and a better and a systematic marketing approach.

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